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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\pard\plain \sb0\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4127\margrsxn3152\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb619\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4127\margrsxn3152\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr194\colno2\colw4046 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb18\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 180}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 DOWNFALL OF THE MAURYA EMPIRE}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn754\margrsxn2399\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li3366\fi0\ri4\sb223\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the former came before the latter. The successors of \expndtw4 Samprati were mere nonentities,\super 1\nosupersub  and during their time \expndtw3 the Maurya power steadily waned until Brihadratha met \expndtw5 with a tragic end at the hands of his own commander-\expndtw6 in-chief, Pusyamitra Sunga.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3406\fi0\ri0\sb162\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Causes of the down-fall of the Mauryas}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li3380\fi479\ri0\sb119\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 When one stands by the grave of the Mauryan rule, \expndtw3 it is inevitable to enquire what were the causes which led \expndtw4 to its dismemberment so soon after Asoka. Mahamaho-\expndtw6 padhyaya H. P. Sastri\super 2\nosupersub  thought that it was entirely due to the reaction of the Brahmans against the policy of \expndtw16 Asoka, who had alienated them by his prohibition \expndtw2 of sacrifices, appointment of Dhamma-mahamatas to \expndtw10 supervise morals, and his introduction of uniformity of judicial procedure and punishment, which they \expndtw3 regarded with special aversion inasmuch as they con\-\expndtw13 sidered it a calculated infringement of their privi\-\expndtw5 leged position or of the immunities they had hitherto enjoyed. These measures may have to some extent \expndtw7 contributed to Brahmanic dissatisfaction, and it is significant that the last Maurya ruler was assassinated \expndtw5 by a Brahman general, but there were other causes also \expndtw13 at work. The successors of Asoka were weaklings, \expndtw18 and there were perhaps fissiparous tendencies in \expndtw8 the provinces, for we know that Jalauka \i (Rajataran-\expndtw1 ginT) \i0 and Virasena (Taranatha) became independent in \expndtw6 Kashmir and Gandhara respectively after A\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 oka had \expndtw19 passed away. The officers, who were placed in \expndtw7 charge of outlying territories, also took full advantage \expndtw8 of the weakness of the central government and gave loose rein to their rapacity. There was no As"oka to \expndtw11 check their oppression sternly, and thus discontent \expndtw16 grew apace among the people. The vitality of the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3805\fi0\ri2621\sb248\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  Vide Appendix IT. \i\expndtw7 *J.A.S.B., \i0 1910, pp. 259 f.}\par }